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---ART---

Antonio Canova - Antonio Canova, Italian sculptore and painter, was born in Possagno, Treviso in 1757 and died in Venice in 1822. Antonio Canova, Italian sculptore and painter, was born in Possagno, Treviso in 1757 and died in Venice in 1822.

Filippo Brunelleschi - Brunelleschi was a goldsmith in a Florentine workshop and was a member of the goldsmiths' guild, although his interest in mathematics led him to architecture.

Leonardo da Vinci - Leonardo da Vinci was a Florentine artist, one of the great masters of the High Renaissance, who was also celebrated as a painter, sculptor, architect, engineer, and scientist.

Michelangelo - Michelangelo was one of the most inspired creators in the history of art and, with Leonardo da Vinci, the most potent force in the Italian High Renaissance. Piero Della Francesca - Italian painter whose style was one of the most individual of the early Renaissance.

Giotto - The most important Italian painter of the 14th century, whose conception of the human figure in broad, rounded terms-rather than in the flat, two-dimensional terms of Gothic and Byzantine styles-indicated a concern for naturalism that marked a turning point in the development of Western art.

Angelico, Fra - Italian painter of the early Renaissance, who combined the life of a devout friar with that of an accomplished painter.

Cimabue - Real name Bencivieni di Pepo, Italian painter and mosaicist, born in Florence. He was one of the most important artists of his time, breaking with the formalism of Byzantine art.

Donatello - Donatello, real name Donato di Niccol di Betto Bardi (c. 1386-1466), Italian Renaissance sculptor, who is generally considered the most original sculptor and one of the greatest artists of the early Renaissance.

Sandro Botticelli - Botticelli, Sandro, real name Alessandro di Mariano Filipepi (1445-1510), one of the leading painters of the Florentine Renaissance.

---HISTORY---

Cristoforo Colombo - Italian, Cristoforo Colombo, Spanish, Cristbal Coln), Italian-Spanish navigator who sailed west across the Atlantic Ocean in search of a route to Asia but achieved fame by making landfall, instead, in the Caribbean Sea.

Garibaldi, Giuseppe - Italian nationalist revolutionary and leader in the struggle for the unification of Italy and its liberation from rule by the Austro-Hungarian Empire.

Marcus Aurelius, full name Marcus Aelius Aurelius Antoninus (121-180), Roman emperor (161-180) and Stoic philosopher.

Giuseppe Mazzini - Giuseppe Mazzini (June 22, 1805 March 10, 1872) was an Italian patriot, philosopher and politician.

Francis of Assisi, St - Italian mystic and preacher, who founded the Franciscans. Born in Assisi, and originally named Giovanni Francesco Bernardone, he appears to have received little formal education, though his father was a wealthy merchant.

Amerigo Vespucci - Italian navigator, born in Florence, who claimed that on his first voyage (1497-1498) he reached the North American mainland before any other explorer.

Polo, Marco (c. 1254-1324), Italian traveller and author, whose writings gave Europeans the first authoritative view of life in the Far East.

Rudolph Valentino - Italian-born American film actor, who was idolized as a romantic, exotic lover. Born Rodolpho Guglielmi in Castellaneta, he arrived in New York in 1913 and became a professional ballroom dancer.

Giacomo Casanova - Giacomo Casanova began writing his memoirs in approximately 1791, in the relative isolation of the Castle of Dux in Bohemia, where he served as the librarian for Josef Karl Emmanuel, Count Waldstein.

---SCIENCE---

Marconi, Guglielmo, Marchese Italian electrical engineer and Nobel laureate, known as the inventor of the first practical radio-signaling system.

Archimedes (287-212 BC) pre-eminent mathematician and inventor, who wrote important works on plane and solid geometry, arithmetic, and mechanics. Archimedes was born in Syracuse, Sicily, and educated in Alexandria, Egypt.

Galileo - (scientist), Italian physicist and astronomer, who pioneered the scientific revolution that flowered in the work of the English physicist Isaac Newton.

Enrico Fermi - Enrico Fermi (September 29, 1901November 28, 1954) was an Italian physicist most noted for his work on the development of the first nuclear reactor

Rita Levi Montalcini - My twin sister Paola and I were born in Turin on April 22, 1909, the youngest of four children.

Antonio Meucci An invention none of us could live without, a tool of modern communications so basic that many of today's business and social activities would be inconceivable in its absence.

Dr. Maria Montessori, MD - Scientific observation has established that education is not what the teacher gives; education is a natural process spontaneously carried out by the human individual, and is acquired not by listening to words but by experiences upon the environment.

---MUSIC---

Verdi, Giuseppe - Italian operatic composer, whose works stand among the greatest in the history of opera. Born the son of illiterate peasants on October 10, 1813.

Puccini, Giacomo - Italian composer, whose operas blend intense emotion and theatricality with tender lyricism, colourful orchestration, and a rich vocal line.

Guido d'Arezzo - Music theorist. Educated at the Benedictine Abbey of Pomposa near Ferrara, Italy, he trained the singers and, together with a Brother Michael, created an antiphoner (a collection of antiphons, now lost) using a revolutionary notational system.

Vincenzo Bellini - Italian composer, born in Catania, Sicily, and trained at the Conservatory of Music, Naples. The premiere of his first opera, Adelson e Salvini, in 1825, attracted Domenico Barbaja.

Enrico Caruso - Caruso, Enrico (1873-1921), Italian dramatic tenor, born in Naples. He made his debut in Naples in 1894.

Frank Sinatra - Francis Albert Sinatra (December 12, 1915 May 14, 1998) was a popular and highly acclaimed male vocalist and actor.

Luciano Pavarotti - Pavarotti, Luciano (1935- ), internationally famous Italian tenor, whose dramatic roles and powerful voice have gained him a superstar status akin to that of Enrico Caruso in the early years of the 20th century.

---LITERATURE---

Dante Alighieri - Dante Alighieri (1265-1321), Italian poet, prose writer, literary theorist, moral philosopher, and political thinker and one of the great figures of world literature.

Giosue' Carducci - Giosue' Carducci (July 27, 1835 near Lucca, February 16, 1907) was an Italian poet, one of Italy's greatest, and a teacher.

Giacomo Leopardi - Giacomo Leopardi, Count (June 29, 1798 June 14, 1837)

Giovanni Boccaccio - Giovanni Boccaccio (June 16, 1313 December 21, 1375) was an Italian author and poet, a friend and correspondent of Petrarch.

Luigi Pirandello - Luigi Pirandello was born in 1867 in Girgenti (now Agrigento) on the island of Sicily.

Alessandro Manzoni - Manzoni, Alessandro Francesco Tommaso Antonio (1785-1873), Italian novelist, poet, and playwright, born in Milan.

Salvatore Quasimodo - Quasimodo, Salvatore (1901-1968), Italian poet and critic, born in Modica, Sicily. He began to write while working as a civil engineer. By 1938 he had published five books of poems.

Niccolo' Machiavelli - Machiavelli, Niccol (1469-1527), Italian historian, statesman, and political philosopher, whose amoral, but influential writings on statecraft have turned his name into a synonym for cunning and duplicity.

---CINEMA----

Al Pacino - Pacino, Al (1940- ), American actor, born Alfredo James Pacino in New York. Pacino trained at the Actors' Studio and made his screen debut in Me, Natalie (1969) while pursuing a full-time career in the theatre.

Robert de Niro - Robert De Niro Jr. (born August 17, 1943) is a two-time Academy Award-winning, iconic American film actor, director, producer and founder of the Tribeca Film Festival.

Roberto Benigni - Roberto Benigni (born October 27, 1952) is an Oscar-winning Italian film and television actor, writer and director.

Monica Bellucci - Monica Bellucci (born September 30, 1964) is an Italian actress and former fashion model.

Sergio Leone - Sergio Leone (January 3, 1929 April 30, 1989) was an Italian film director who is considered by many to be on the short list of the greatest film directors of all time.

Francis Ford Coppola - Coppola, Francis Ford (1939- ), film producer, director, and writer, born in Detroit, Michigan.

Federico Fellini - Fellini, Federico (1920-1993), Italian film director. Born and brought up in the small seaside resort of Rimini on the Adriatic Coast, Fellini moved to Rome in 1939 where he made a living as a journalist and caricaturist.

Marcello Mastroianni - Mastroianni, Marcello (1924-1996), Italian film actor, who won international renown. Mastroianni was born in Fontana Liri.

Sophia Loren - Loren, Sophia (1934- ), Italian film actress, who progressed from being an international sex symbol to Academy Award (Oscar) winner.

---SPORT---

Marciano, Rocky - American boxer, who retired as the only undefeated heavyweight champion in boxing history. Born Rocco Francis Marchegiano in Brockton, Massachusetts.

Roberto Baggio - Roberto Baggio (born February 18, 1967) is a legendary Italian former footballer, among the best players in the world throughout the 1990s.

Alberto Tomba - (born December 19, 1966), popularly called Tomba la Bomba ("Tomba the Bomb").

---DESIGN---

Armani, Giorgio - Italian fashion designer, hailed as a master tailor and as a designer whose clothes combine elegance, quality, and practicality. He was born in Piacenza, Italy.

Ferrari, Enzo - Italian motor-racing driver and sports car manufacturer. Ferrari was born in Modena and began his driving career with Alfa Romeo in the 1920s and continued with them in the 1930s.

Versace, Gianni - Gianni Versace S.p.A. is an Italian clothier founded by Gianni Versace in 1978.

 

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