Ferrari, Enzo (1898-1988), Italian motor-racing driver and sports car manufacturer. Ferrari was born in Modena and began his driving career with Alfa Romeo in the 1920s and continued with them in the 1930s.Under the name Auto Avio Costruzzioni (his cars first bore the Ferrari name in 1947), he first began building racing cars in the 1940s. The Ferrari 375 was a 4.5-litre, V-12 model which was dominant in 1951 grand prix racing; the Dino Ferrari, named after his son, was developed for 1957; and in 1961 the Tipo 156 1.5 litre was very successful. This model was followed by the 158 in 1964. Many types of Ferrari were produced for Formula Two, Prototype, and Tasman racing and the name became synonymous with quality sports cars the world over.
Ferrari has won the Constructors' Championship on eight occasions since its inauguration as a separate competition in 1958. The team's winning drivers included John Surtees (1964), Niki Lauda (1975, 1977), and Jody Scheckter (1979).
Ferrari remained President of the company until 1977, despite selling a 50 per cent share of the business to the FIAT organization in 1969. He died in Modena in 1988.