Cristoforo Colombo - Italian, Cristoforo Colombo, Spanish, Cristbal Coln), Italian-Spanish navigator who sailed west across the Atlantic Ocean in search of a route to Asia but achieved fame by making landfall, instead, in the Caribbean Sea.

Garibaldi, Giuseppe - Italian nationalist revolutionary and leader in the struggle for the unification of Italy and its liberation from rule by the Austro-Hungarian Empire.

Marcus Aurelius, full name Marcus Aelius Aurelius Antoninus (121-180), Roman emperor (161-180) and Stoic philosopher.

Giuseppe Mazzini - Giuseppe Mazzini (June 22, 1805 March 10, 1872) was an Italian patriot, philosopher and politician.

Francis of Assisi, St - Italian mystic and preacher, who founded the Franciscans. Born in Assisi, and originally named Giovanni Francesco Bernardone, he appears to have received little formal education, though his father was a wealthy merchant.

Amerigo Vespucci - Italian navigator, born in Florence, who claimed that on his first voyage (1497-1498) he reached the North American mainland before any other explorer.

Polo, Marco (c. 1254-1324), Italian traveller and author, whose writings gave Europeans the first authoritative view of life in the Far East.

Rudolph Valentino - Italian-born American film actor, who was idolized as a romantic, exotic lover. Born Rodolpho Guglielmi in Castellaneta, he arrived in New York in 1913 and became a professional ballroom dancer.

Giacomo Casanova - Giacomo Casanova began writing his memoirs in approximately 1791, in the relative isolation of the Castle of Dux in Bohemia, where he served as the librarian for Josef Karl Emmanuel, Count Waldstein.